No.1, Xinan 5th Street, Xinan Village, Shijie Town, Dongguan, Guangdong, China.

E-Mail:penny@afastpcb.com

Tel:+8618705751527

Skype:penny@afastpcb.com

Location:Home > Marketing

In PCB design, how should we choose a power chip?

Release Time: 2021/4/21 19:29:03

When designing PCB, it is necessary to choose DC/DC or LDO for power chip design

1. To put it simply, in the boost situation, of course, only DC/DC can be used, because the LDO is a voltage drop type and cannot be boosted.

Choice of LDO

When the designed circuit has the following requirements for the shunt power supply

1. High noise and ripple suppression;

2. It occupies a small area of the PCB board, such as handheld electronic products such as mobile phones;

3. The circuit power supply does not allow the use of inductors, such as mobile phones;

4. The power supply needs to have instantaneous calibration and output state self-checking functions;

5. The voltage stabilizer is required to have low voltage drop and low power consumption;

6. Low line cost and simple scheme are required;
At this time, choosing LDO is the most appropriate choice, while meeting various requirements of product design.

Second, we need to look at their main characteristics:

DC/DC: High efficiency and high noise; the advantage is that the conversion efficiency is high, and the current can be large, but the output interference is large, and the volume is relatively large.

LDO: low noise, low quiescent current; small size, less interference, when the input and output voltage difference is larger, the conversion efficiency is low.

Therefore, if it is used in the case of a relatively large voltage drop, choose DC/DC because of its high efficiency, and the LDO will lose a large part of its efficiency due to the large voltage drop;

If the voltage drop is relatively small, choose LDO because of its low noise, clean power supply, simple peripheral circuits and low cost.

LDO is a low dropout regulator, which means a low dropout linear regulator, which is relative to the traditional linear regulator. Traditional linear regulators, such as 78xx series chips, require the input voltage to be higher than the output voltage by more than 2V~3V, otherwise it will not work properly. But in some cases, such conditions are obviously too harsh, such as 5v to 3.3v, the pressure difference between input and output is only 1.7v, which obviously does not meet the conditions. In response to this situation, there is an LDO type power conversion chip.

LDO linear step-down chip: The principle is equivalent to a resistor divider to achieve a step-down. The energy loss is large, and the dropped voltage is converted into heat. The greater the pressure difference and load current of the step-down, the more obvious the chip heats up. The package of this type of chip is relatively large, which facilitates heat dissipation.

LDO linear step-down chips such as: 2596, L78 series and so on.

DC/DC step-down chip: In the step-down process, the energy loss is relatively small, and the chip heating is not obvious. The chip package is relatively small and can realize PWM digital control.

DC/DC step-down chips such as: TPS5430/31, TPS75003, MAX1599/61, TPS61040/41

In general, when doing PCB design, you must choose DCDC for step-up, and whether to choose DCDC or LDO for step-down. It should be compared in terms of cost, efficiency, noise, and performance. The key is to analyze specific applications.

DC/DC step-down chip: In the step-down process, the energy loss is relatively small, and the chip heating is not obvious. The chip package is relatively small and can realize PWM digital control.

DC/DC step-down chips such as: TPS5430/31, TPS75003, MAX1599/61, TPS61040/41

In general, when doing PCB design, you must choose DCDC for step-up, and whether to choose DCDC or LDO for step-down. It should be compared in terms of cost, efficiency, noise, and performance. The key is to analyze specific applications.
Address:
No.1, Xinan 5th Street, Xinan Village, Shijie Town, Dongguan, Guangdong, China.
FOLLOW US
Please send your message to us
*Email
Tel
*Title
*Content

Agree to use terms of service